By Trevor J. Powell
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Extra info for The Mental Health Handbook, Revised Edition
The people behind the invention: Gerhard Domagk (1895-1964), a German physician who was awarded the 1939 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine Paul Ehrlich (1854-1915), a German chemist and bacteriologist who was the cowinner of the 1908 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine The Search for Magic Bullets Although quinine had been used to treat malaria long before the twentieth century, Paul Ehrlich, who discovered a large number of useful drugs, is usually considered the father of modern chemotherapy.
The child became critically ill with developing septicemia, or blood poisoning. In those days, more than 75 percent of those who acquired blood infections died. Domagk realized that the chances for his daughter’s survival were poor. In desperation, he obtained some of the powdered prontosil that had worked so well on infected animals. He extrapolated from his animal experiments how much to give his daughter so that the bacteria would be killed but his daughter would not be poisoned. Within hours of the first treatment, her fever dropped, and she recovered completely after repeated doses of prontosil.
Their first business together was the construction and sale of “blue boxes,” illegal devices that allowed the user to make long-distance telephone calls for free. After attending college, the two took jobs within the electronics industry. Wozniak began working at Hewlett-Packard, where he Apple II computer / 29 studied calculator design, and Jobs took a job at Atari, the video company. The friendship paid off again when Wozniak, at Jobs’s request, designed the game “Breakout” for Atari, and the pair was paid seven hundred dollars.