By Arend Lijphart
Arend Lijphart is likely one of the world's best and so much influential political scientists whose paintings has had a profound effect at the learn of democracy and comparative politics.
Thinking approximately Democracy attracts on a lifetime's adventure of study and booklet during this sector and collects jointly for the 1st time his most vital and influential paintings. The e-book additionally includes a completely new advent and end the place Professor Lijphart assesses the advance of his inspiration and the sensible effect it has had on rising democracies.
This quantity can be of huge curiosity to all scholars and students of democracy and comparative politics, and politics and diplomacy in general.
Read Online or Download Thinking about Democracy: Power Sharing and Majority Rule in Theory and Practice PDF
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Additional info for Thinking about Democracy: Power Sharing and Majority Rule in Theory and Practice
The groups with inconsistent ideologies are in close contact . . ’’32 This argument appears to be a direct refutation of the overlapping-memberships proposition, but by adding two amendments to this proposition the discrepancy can be resolved. In the first place, the basic explanatory element in the concept of consociational democracy is that political elites may take joint actions to counter the effects of cultural fragmentation. This means that the overlapping-memberships propositions may become a selfdenying hypothesis under certain conditions.
In the United States, where, as Dahl states, ‘‘the South has for nearly two centuries formed a distinctive regional subculture,’’46 cultural fragmentation Consociational democracy 39 led to secession and civil war. After the Civil War, a consociational arrangement developed that gave to the South a high degree of autonomy and to the Southern leaders – by such means as chairmanships of key Congressional committees and the filibuster – a crucial position in federal decision-making. This example also shows that, while consociational solutions may increase political cohesion, they also have a definite tendency to lead to a certain degree of immobilism.
This number is also obviously more than large enough to permit statistical analysis. As useful as the comparative method may be in many situations, it can never offer the kind of strong and convincing evidence that statistical analysis provides – for instance, in Chapter 6, in favor of the desirable qualities of consensus democracy. In the conclusion, I shall return to the general question of the strength of the evidence that we have concerning power sharing. Notes 1 See notes 15 and 24 in Chapter 2.