By Karel-Peter Companje, Karel Veraghtert, Brigitte Widdershoven
Medical health insurance is a key element of the present social safeguard procedure in eu Union nations. In such a lot nations, smooth medical health insurance money and health and wellbeing care insurers are a necessary function in enforcing the general public medical health insurance approach. a lot of those glossy medical health insurance cash have a desirable and lengthy ancestry, transparent strains of which are obvious this day within the corporation of nationwide medical health insurance, in addition to the constitution of medical health insurance money and insurers. of their learn Centuries of harmony, the authors examine medical insurance, medical insurance money and overall healthiness care insurers in Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands. Given the same political, fiscal and social improvement that those nations have passed through long ago 60 years and the qualitatively excessive point of health and wellbeing care they supply, one may possibly count on a level of likeness in those international locations’ overall healthiness care assurance structures. The dissimilarities are magnificent, despite the fact that. in reality, transformations have gotten ever extra obvious among the various nationwide platforms generally, and among the constitution and operation of the medical insurance money and well-being care insurers particularly. alterations contain the obligatory nature of coverage, the level of canopy, charges, medical insurance company, mutual festival, and the measure of non-public assurance. a lot of those nationwide singularities could be understood and defined in simple terms by means of contemplating the ancient history of the present nationwide medical insurance platforms, the insurers, and their evolution over de previous centuries. This research adopts an institutional and political viewpoint in the direction of additional knowing of the advance of medical health insurance, and of ways this finally decided the explicit nature of the overall healthiness care insurers and money, and the way they presently function within the 3 international locations studied.
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Additional resources for Two Centuries of Solidarity: Social Health Insurance in Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands 1770-2008
3 As an example he cited the Netherlands where, at the time, there was an intense debate about the tendency to allow private-sector insurance companies to play a greater role in the implementation of social-insurance schemes. Goudswaard emphasised the need for research into the experiences of other countries, and to ﬁnd out how successful the privatisation of social schemes had been to date. The Netherlands, Belgium and Germany are therefore not islands in an ocean of healthcare systems. In recent decades, as a result of the growing problems with funding social security and of the increasing inﬂuence of European uniﬁcation on health insurance, there has been a growing interest in comparative economic and sociological research into social security.
The departure of French occupying forces rekindled the hope that the guild system could be fully restored. After hesitating for a long time,Willem I ﬁnally bit the bullet in October 1818. He abolished the guilds once and for all, and their property was handed over to the local authorities. 4. The German guilds: between stone-dead and alive-and-kicking The craft guilds and apprentices’ associations in the German states survived much longer than in the Netherlands, although their circumstances varied greatly from state to state.
5 Initially, the funds received very little income. As the provision of relief was extended, new sources of revenue were tapped and the funds were increased with various other forms of income such as entry fees, penalties and donations. The payment was compulsory, as was the guild membership. 6 Guild membership, and therefore ﬁnancial support, was usually limited to masters. e. The fund was mainly for illness. Guildsmen who were elderly and/or needy, and widows and orphans, did not qualify for assistance unless there was money left in the fund after illness beneﬁts had been paid out.