By Committee on Beyond Mapping: The Challenges of New Technologies in the Geographic Information Sciences, The Mapping Science Committee, National Research Council
Geographic details structures (GIS), the worldwide Positioning approach (GPS), distant sensing, and different details applied sciences have all replaced the character of labor within the mapping sciences and within the professions, industries, and associations that depend upon them for simple examine and schooling. this present day, geographic details platforms became critical to the methods hundreds of thousands of presidency firms, deepest businesses, and not-for-profit companies do enterprise. in spite of the fact that, the provision of GIS/GIScience execs has now not saved velocity with the call for generated by way of turning out to be wishes for extra and more advantageous geographic info structures and for extra powerful geographic data.
Beyond Mapping assesses the nation of mapping sciences firstly of the twenty-first century and identifies the severe nationwide wishes for GIS/GIScience execs. It examines the forces that force and accompany the necessity for GIS/GIScience execs, together with technological switch, call for for geographic details, and alterations in agencies. It assesses schooling and study wishes, together with crucial education and schooling, new curriculum demanding situations and responses, caliber coverage in schooling and coaching, and organizational demanding situations. many of the report's options contain extra collaboration between educational disciplines, deepest businesses, and executive organizations; the implementation of GIS/GIScience in any respect degrees of schooling; and the advance of a coherent, entire study time table for the mapping sciences.
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Extra info for National Research Council Beyond Mapping: Meeting National Needs Through Enhanced Geographic Infor
While much of the effort of GIS software vendors over the past 25 years has focused on the development of tools to solve specific data capture and editing problems or to provide powerful analytical tools, demand is now growing for specialized Web-based applications. Firms specializing in Web-based GIS consistently report great difficulty in finding personnel who are expert in modern programming techniques, sophisticated database management, and geospatial information standards requirements (G. Ehler to D.
This example listing has been made anonymous. Google Maps is a trademark of Google Inc. Used with permission. John Doe 555 Anystreet 17 FIGURE 1-3 A Web-based GIS tool able to perform real estate searches. com [accessed 24 May 2006]). Google Earth is a trademark of Google Inc. Used with permission. 18 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SCIENCE TODAY AND TOMORROW 19 Changes in Organizations Abundant geographic data and its uses have brought about changes within many organizations as well as in interactions among organizations.
The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) established the committee in the 1990 revision of OMB Circular No. A-16 and reestablished it in the circular’s 2002 revision (OMB, 1990, 2002). The FGDC evolved in part from a committee established by OMB in 1983 called the Federal Interagency Coordinating Committee on Digital Cartography (FICCDC). 9 million from the USGS to facilitate coordination, develop standards, sponsor cooperative agreements, and support the FGDC secretariat. FGDC has developed and issued approximately 25 spatial data standards, including the metadata standard; established clearinghouses that provide access to spatial data using metadata standards; fostered hundreds of cooperative agreements that sponsor the development of framework data and the development and testing of spatial data access technology and interoperability; and disseminated numerous publications and educational materials describing the National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) and its various components.