By Liora Salter, Alison Mary Virginia Hearn
Ranging from the basis that interdisciplinarity performs a job within the learn group, this article explores the character and perform of interdisciplinary study. individuals to this assortment tackle the ways that interdisciplinarity is outlined, situated, and dealt with through researchers, universities and critics. additionally they research such themes as "myths" of interdisciplinarity, postmodern opinions of interdisciplinarity, interdisciplinarity and learn provide allocation, women's stories, environmental reviews and "emerging" disciplines. the gathering combines a theoretical exam of disciplinarity and interdisciplinarity as varieties of wisdom construction and association with sensible information regarding the elemental problems and conundrums desirous about the perform of interdisciplinary learn.
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Additional resources for Outside the Lines: Issues in Interdisciplinary Research
A counter-society within the larger 35 Interdisciplinarity society" (Birnbaum 1969,58). As Arthur Kroker states "[a] disciplinary division of knowledge is power masquerading as reason" (1980, 6). " Transdisciplinarity: The Search for a Unified Theory of Knowledge. Many theorists of interdisciplinarity who agree with these criticisms of disciplinarity propose, as an alternative, a search for a unified theory of knowledge that is transdisciplinary in orientation. Transdisciplinarity can take many forms (see Kockelmans 19793), but the underlying desire remains the same: the unification of all forms of specialized knowledge and "a reaffirmation of lost wholeness" (Gusdorf 1977, 581).
His paper "Ethnocentrism of the Disciplines and the Fish Scale Model of Omniscience" (1969) proposes a reorientation of thinking around the issue of specialization. Like many advocates of instrumental interdisciplinarity, Campbell embraces the process of fissioning knowledge into smaller and smaller subspecialties. In this process each individual or group of individuals can achieve a certain level of competence. Campbell's emphasis on specialization flies in the face of the traditional interdisciplinary ideal of breadth and comprehensiveness of knowledge - an ideal Campbell calls a "Leonardoesque aspiration" (1969, 329).
However, it does not provide grounds for distinguishing economics and sociology from cultural or women's studies or risk analysis. It does not distinguish disciplines from interdisciplinarity in a manner conducive to identifying and resolving the particular problems of conducting interdisciplinary research. To make that distinction, we have chosen to view interdisciplinarity as reflecting any challenge to the limitations or premisses of the prevailing organization of knowledge or its representation in an institutionally recognized form.