By Felicidad de Herralde, Robert Savé (auth.), Serge Delrot, Hipólito Medrano, Etti Or, Luigi Bavaresco, Stella Grando (eds.)
Grapevine is a crop of significant reasonably priced curiosity, and wine represents a multicultural history which has been starting to be seeing that a number of milleniums. but, sleek viticulture needs to face numerous demanding situations. worldwide weather has elevated berry sugar content material (and alcohol within the wine) while phenolic and fragrant ripeness should not consistently accomplished. Water offer is changing into shorter. New forms greater tailored to new weather conditions may have to be planted, that can have an effect on wine typicity. Phytochemical remedies are extra managed, and the shopper will pay expanding consciousness to environmentally safety. New tools decreasing pesticide use, yet conserving yield and typicity, needs to be designed. the current publication illustrates the new development made in ecophysiology, molecular and mobilephone biology, and pathology of grapevine, in addition to in precision viticulture and berry composition. blend of those new instruments with box observations will undoubtly assist you to face the demanding situations defined above. those multidisciplinary contributions should be of curiosity to an individual inquisitive about grapevine and wine activities.
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Additional resources for Methodologies and Results in Grapevine Research
In: Proc 7th Int Symp Grapevine Physiol Biotech. Acta Hortic 689:325–331 Comas LH, Eissenstat DM, Lakso AN (2000) Assessing root death and root system dynamics in a study of grape canopy pruning. New Phytol 147:171–178 Comas LH, Anderson LJ, Dunst RM, Lakso AN, Eissenstat, DM (2005) Canopy and environmental control of root dynamics in a long-term study of Concord grape. New Phytol 167: 829–840 Correia MJ, Pereira JS, Chaves MM, Rodrigues M, Pacheco CA (1995) ABA xylem concentrations determine maximum daily leaf conductance of field-grown Vitis vinifera L.
32 35 36 36 38 42 P. Sánchez-de-Miguel (B) Departamento de Producción Vegetal: Fitotecnia, Grupo de investigación en Viticultura. es S. Delrot et al. V. 2010 31 32 P. Sánchez-de-Miguel et al. g. g. g. g. g. g. g. g. g. g. g. g. g. g. ), as if their effects were independent. Later, some researchers (Smart et al. 1982, Carbonneau and Huglin 1980, Intrieri 1987), in the light of previous work (Shaulis et al. 1966, Shaulis and May 1971, Smart 1973), rethought the study of the response of the vineyard as the effect of the canopy management as a whole.
1988). LPM is more suitable for measuring embolism. In the case of trunk or root segments, both methods can be used and then compared. Hydraulic resistance of root systems was measured in two rootstocks (110-R and SO4) submitted to two irrigation treatments (100% and 50% ET0 ). Hydraulic resistance is higher in 110-R, more drought resistant, than in SO4, and it is well correlated with root biomass (Fig. 12) (de Herralde et al. 2006). 97** 0 200 400 600 B 800 DW (g) Fig. 12 Root hydraulic resitance of whole roots systems RR (MPa·s·kg−1 ) (a) and correlation of RR and root biomass DW (g) (b).