By Élisabeth Roudinesco
Author note: Translated by means of Andrew Brown
Publish yr note: First released December sixteenth 2013
What does it suggest to be Jewish? what's an anti-Semite? Why does the enigmatic id of the lads who based the 1st monotheistic faith arouse such passions?
We have to go back to the Jewish query. we want, first, to tell apart among the anti-Judaism of medieval instances, which persecuted the Jews, and the anti-Judaism of the Enlightenment, which emancipated them whereas being serious in their faith. it's a mistake to confuse the 2 and notice every body from Voltaire to Hitler as anti-Semitic within the related method. Then we have to specialize in the improvement of anti-Semitism in Europe, particularly Vienna and Paris, the place the Zionist proposal used to be born. ultimately, we have to examine the reception of Zionism either within the Arab nations and in the Diaspora.
Re-examining the Jewish query within the gentle of those differences and investigations, Roudinesco indicates that there's a everlasting rigidity among the figures of the 'universal Jew' and the 'territorial Jew'. Freud and Jung break up in part over this factor, which received further depth after the production of the nation of Israel in 1948 and the Eichmann trial in 1961. ultimately, Roudinesco turns to the Holocaust deniers, who began to recommend that the Jews had invented the genocide that came about their humans, and to the expanding variety of highbrow and literary figures who've been accused of anti-Semitism.
This thorough re-assessment of the Jewish query can be of curiosity to scholars and students of contemporary heritage and modern notion and to a large readership attracted to anti-Semitism and the historical past of the Jews.